I am not a doctor. Neither am I a psychologist or psychiatrist . I do not endorse or recommend any of the treatments or practices described in this website. This material is not intended as in-depth. It is intended to give the reader an idea of what to persue further. dh

Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)

Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)

Assertive community treatment is an intensive and highly integrated approach for community mental health service delivery. ACT teams serve individuals
with the most serious forms of mental illness, predominantly but not exclusively the schizophrenia spectrum disorders. ACT service recipients may also
have diagnostic profiles that include features typically found in other DSM-5 categories. Many have histories of substance abuse, victimization and
trauma, psychiatric hospitalization, arrests and incarceration, homelessness, and additional significant challenges. The symptoms and complications of
their mental illnesses have led to serious functioning difficulties in several areas of life, often including work, social relationships, residential
independence, money management, and physical health and wellness. By the time they start receiving ACT services, they are likely to have experienced
failure, discrimination, and stigmatization, and their hope for the future is likely to be quite low.

Family Psychoeducation Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)

Family includes anyone that con- sumers identify as being supportive in their recovery process.

FPE recognizes consumer and family strengths and experiences in living with mental illnesses and partners with them to support personal recovery goals.
Consumers and families who are educated about mental illnesses can more effectively support one another.

Learning techniques to reduce stress and improve communication and coping skills can strengthen family relationships and promote recovery
FPE focuses on current issues that consumers and families face and addresses them through a structured problem-solving approach.
The multifamily group format allows consumers and families to connect with others and to receive peer support and mutual aid.

Illness Management and Recovery Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)

IMR practitioners help consumers define recovery for themselves and identify personally meaningful recovery goals.
Education about mental illnesses is the foundation of informed decision making.

Practitioners help consumers build social networks and engage supporters in activities that promote recovery.
Consumers learn to identify early warning signs and plan steps that they can take to prevent relapses.
Consumers learn new strategies to help them manage their symptoms, cope with stress, and significantly improve their lives.

Integrated-Treatment for Co-Occurring Disorders Evidence Based Practices (EBP)

Mental health and substance abuse treatment are integrated to meet the needs of people with co-occurring disorders.
Integrated treatment specialists are trained to treat both substance use disorders and serious mental illnesses
Integrated treatment specialists match services to the consumer’s stage of recovery
Motivational interventions are used to help consumers identify and pursue personal recovery goals.
A cognitive-behavioral* approach is used to help consumers identify and change their thoughts, feelings, and
behaviors related to their co-occurring disorders. Services are available in individual, group, self-help, and family formats.
Medication services are integrated with other services.

*Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psycho-social intervention that aims to improve mental health. CBT focuses
on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions and behaviors, improving emotional regulation, and
the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems. Originally, it was designed to treat
depression, but its uses have been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety.

MedTEAM (Medication Treatment, Evaluation, and Management) Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)

This kit equips treatment teams at mental health agencies with guidance on incorporating the latest scientific evidence
with patient input to help them make decisions about medication management.

Nonpharmacological Versus Pharmacological Treatments for Adult Patients With Major Depressive Disorder
The objective of this review is to compare the benefits and harms of second-generation antidepressants (SGAs), psychological,
complementary and alternative medicine, and exercise treatment options as first-step interventions for adult outpatients with
acute-phase major depressive disorder (MDD), and as second-step interventions for patients with MDD who did not achieve
remission after a first treatment attempt with SGAs.

Permanent Supportive Housing Evidence-Based Practices (EBP KIT)


Supported Education Evidence-Based Practices (EBP) KIT


Treatment of Depression in Older Adults Evidence-Based Practices (EBP)

Factors for achieving successful aging: A positive attitude, realistic perspective, and the ability to adapt to change (for example,
humor, altruism, and anticipation). Security and stability in living environment, financial resources, and social support (for
example, spouse, family, and friends). Health and wellness, including prevention of disease and disease-related disability,
maintenance of high cognitive and physical function, healthy exercise and nutrition, the absence of smoking, high-quality health care,
the ability to manage stress, and minimal pain. Active engagement with life, including being socially involved, participating in
stimulating activities, learning, feeling a sense of purpose in life, and being useful to others and to society. Other factors that
research has shown predict good outcomes in old age include more years of education, healthy weight, good physical health at age 50,
and the absence of alcohol abuse or a depressive disorder


Suicide is a complex problem. Many factors can increase suicide risk, while other factors can help eprotect people from suicide. These
factors can change over time and vary across groups.

Many studies have explored ways to prevent suicide among different groups, such as college students, veterans, or patients. Findings
suggest that many strategies can help prevent suicide—particularly when they are used together as part of a carefully planned program.
This section of our website is meant to help you carry out suicide prevention efforts that are most likely to be effective. Its four
sections feature models and guidance developed by SPRC based on current knowledge of suicide prevention.

Strategic Planning
Suicide prevention efforts are most likely to be effective when they use a systematic, data-driven process to understand the suicide
problem, set clear goals, and prioritize activities that are most likely to make a difference. Follow SPRC’s step-by-step strategic planning
process to help you decide what to implement.

Keys to Success
Effective suicide prevention efforts use a number of guiding principles, or keys to success. This section describes five such principles identified by SPRC.
Comprehensive Approach to Suicide Prevention
Suicide prevention efforts are most likely to be effective when they combine multiple strategies that work in sync to create change rather
than relying on standalone programs to do so. This section describes the nine strategies that make up SPRC’s comprehensive approach to suicide prevention.

Suicide prevention efforts should be conducted in multiple settings.

Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011.
Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010.

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